Infantry have much greater local situational awareness than other military forces, due to their inherent intimate contact with the battlefield ("boots on the ground"); this is vital for engaging and infiltrating enemy positions, holding and defending ground (any military objectives), securing battlefield victories, maintaining military area control and security both at and behind the front lines, for capturing ordnance or materiel, taking prisoners, and military occupation. , Infantrymen often carry secondary or back-up weapons, sometimes called a sidearm or ancillary weapons in modern terminology, either issued officially as an addition to the soldier's standard arms, or acquired unofficially by any other means as an individual preference. In the modern US Army, about 15% of soldiers are officially Infantry. Defence operations are the natural counter to attacks, in which the mission is to hold an objective and defeat enemy forces attempting to dislodge the defender. Units assigned to this job usually have a large number of military police attached to them for control of checkpoints and prisons. The introduction of national and mass armies saw an establishment of minimum requirements and the introduction of special troops (first of them the engineers going back to medieval times, but also different kinds of infantry adopted to specific terrain, bicycle, motorcycle, motorised and mechanised troops) culminating with the introduction of highly trained special forces during the first and second World War. Early crew-served weapons were siege weapons, like the ballista, trebuchet, and battering ram. More often, such jobs are given to specialist engineering corps. By the time of the musket, the dominance of firepower shifted militaries away from any close combat, and use of armour decreased, until infantry typically went without any armour.  Though the main force of the army, these forces were usually kept small due to their cost of training and upkeep, and might be supplemented by local short-term mass-conscript forces using the older irregular infantry weapons and tactics; this remained a common practice almost up to modern times.. In antiquity, infantry were armed with an early melee weapon such as a spear, axe or sword, or an early ranged weapon like a javelin, sling, or bow, with a few infantrymen having both a melee and a ranged weapon. derives from the Battle of Chippawa, in which British Major General Phineas Riall noticed that the approaching regiment had on the uniforms of militia, which the British had defeated at Queenston Heights. From the mid-18th century until 1881 the British Army named its infantry as numbered regiments "of Foot" to distinguish them from cavalry and dragoon regiments (see List of Regiments of Foot). Infantry units are trained to quickly mobilise, infiltrate, enter and neutralise threat forces when appropriate combat intelligence indicates to secure a location, rescue or capture high-profile targets. The increased use of firearms and the need for drill to handle them efficiently. 3. regiment definition: 1. a large group of soldiers, or (more generally) any large number of things or people: 2. a large…. soldiers or military units that fight on foot, in modern times typically with rifles, machine guns, grenades, mortars, etc., as weapons. The 211th Infantry Regiment is the Regional Training Institute of Florida. The objective of pursuit operations is the destruction of withdrawing enemy forces which are not capable of effectively engaging friendly units, before they can build their strength to the point where they are effective. As firepower continued to increase, use of infantry lines diminished, until all infantry became light infantry in practice. Successful attacks rely on sufficient force, preparative reconnaissance and battlefield preparation with bomb assets. Patrols are used not only on the front-lines, but in rear areas where enemy infiltration or insurgencies are possible. ... Less than a battalion-equivalent, e.g. The 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry is assigned as support to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York and to furnish the enlisted garrison for the academy and the Stewart Army Subpost. To maximise their firepower, musketeer infantry were trained to fight in wide lines facing the enemy, creating line infantry. . The needs of the infantryman to maintain fitness and effectiveness must be constantly balanced against being overburdened. Regiment, in most armies, a body of troops headed by a colonel and organized for tactical control into companies, battalions, or squadrons. The modern rifleman infantry became the primary force for taking and holding ground on battlefields worldwide, a vital element of combined arms combat. 2nd … , The physical, mental, and environmental operating demands of the infantryman are high. Infantry, like all combat arms units, are often manoeuvred to meet battlefield needs, and often must do so under enemy attack. They also perform other tasks, including land warfare, separate from naval operations. They can be augmented with a variety of crew-served weapons, armoured personnel carriers, and infantry fighting vehicles. Larger shields can cover more, but are also heavier and less manoeuvrable, making unexpected attacks even more of a problem. A subcategory of attacks is the ambush, where infantrymen lie in wait for enemy forces before attacking at a vulnerable moment. Attack operations are the most basic role of the infantry, and along with defence, form the main stances of the infantry on the battlefield. Conversely, starting about the mid-19th century, regular cavalry have been forced to spend more of their time dismounted in combat due to the ever-increasing effectiveness of enemy infantry firearms. Historically, infantry have suffered high casualty rates from disease, exposure, exhaustion and privation — often in excess of the casualties suffered from enemy attacks. Soldiers were grouped into units of 50, which were in turn grouped into larger units of 250, then 1,000, and finally into units of up to 5,000 – the largest independent command. Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. After the fall of Rome, the quality of heavy infantry declined, and warfare was dominated by heavy cavalry, such as knights, forming small elite units for decisive shock combat, supported by peasant infantry militias and assorted light infantry from the lower classes. A unit, such as a regiment, of such soldiers: Company B of the 7th Infantry. It was a part of the 26th Infantry Division and the 43rd Infantry Division. What does Regiment mean? The terms "infantry", "armour", and "cavalry" used in the official names for military units like divisions, brigades, or regiments might be better understood as a description of their expected balance of defensive, offensive, and mobility roles, rather than just use of vehicles. Therefore, they need the protection of the infantry, particularly when on the move. In the Western world, from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages (c. 8th century BC to 15th century AD), infantry are categorised as either heavy infantry or light infantry. The branch of an army made up of units trained to fight on foot. To support these lines, smaller infantry formations using dispersed skirmish lines were created, called light infantry, fulfilling the same multiple roles as earlier light infantry. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Infantry+Regiment, [1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Late Latin. Of the original regiment, only the 1st Battalion remains as an active duty unit. The first warriors, adopting hunting weapons or improvised melee weapons, before the existence of any organised military, likely started essentially as loose groups without any organisation or formation. Health, energy, and morale are greatly influenced by how the soldier is fed, so militaries often standardised field rations, starting from hardtack, to US K-rations, to modern MREs. This can be undertaken either in reserve or on the front, but consists of using infantry troops as labor for construction of field positions, roads, bridges, airfields, and all other manner of structures. Infantry Regiment synonyms, Infantry Regiment pronunciation, Infantry Regiment translation, English dictionary definition of Infantry Regiment. With many places for the enemy to hide and ambush from, infantry units must be trained in how to enter a city, and systematically clear the buildings, which most likely will be booby trapped, in order to kill or capture enemy personnel within the city. Disease epidemics, frostbite, heat stroke, trench foot, insect and wild animal bites are common along with stress disorders and these have sometimes caused more casualties than enemy action. They may engage high-profile targets, or be employed to hunt down terrorist cells and insurgents within a given area. In all, this can reach 25–45 kg (60–100 lb) for each soldier on the march. What is the meaning of Inf abbreviation? Patrolling is the most common infantry mission. Zachary Taylor, later the twelfth President of the United States, was a commander of the unit. In this capacity, infantry essentially conducts patrol on the move, scouring terrain which may hide enemy infantry waiting to ambush friendly vehicles, and identifying enemy strong points for attack by the heavier units. Modern militaries are struggling to balance the value of personal body protection versus the weight burden and ability to function under such weight. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Not to be confused … The 32nd Infantry Regiment is a battalion within the United States Army. ‘The infantry battle was finely balanced, both sides fighting bravely hand-to-hand.’ ‘Tanks attacked first with infantry literally in tow as many tanks pulled along infantry soldiers on sledges.’ ‘The force now included around a battalion of infantry as well as a squadron of military engineers.’ The 369th Infantry is known for being the first African-American regiment to serve with the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. One of the most valuable pieces of gear is the entrenching tool—basically a folding spade—which can be employed not only to dig important defences, but also in a variety of other daily tasks, and even sometimes as a weapon. While this may allow for a fierce running attack (an initial shock advantage) the tighter formation of the heavy spear and shield infantry gave them a local manpower advantage where several might be able to fight each opponent. The meaning of Inf abbreviation is "Infantry" Under Army Regulation 840-10, each regiment and separate table of organization and equipment (TOE) battalion of the U.S. Army is authorized a coat of arms to be displayed on the organization's flag, called the "colors. The infantry is undergoing the last throes of the destruction of its regimental system, having found itself squeezed into 34 conventional regular infantry battalions plus three regular battalions of the Parachute Regiment. Towards the end of Middle Ages, this began to change, where more professional and better trained light infantry could be effective against knights, such as the English longbowmen in the Hundred Years' War. An infantryman's equipment is of vital concern both for the man and the military. This made the legions less dependent on the, Keeley, War Before Civilization, 1996, Oxford University Press, pg.45, Fig. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from 109th Infantry Regiment) The 109th Infantry Regiment (" Thirteenth Pennsylvania ") is a parent infantry regiment of the United States Army, represented in the Pennsylvania Army National Guard by the 1st Battalion, 109th Infantry, part of the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 28th Infantry Division. tries. However, if light cavalry was lacking in an army, any available dragoons might be assigned their duties; this practise increased over time, and dragoons eventually received all the weapons and training as both infantry and cavalry, and could be classified as both. Given that infantry forces typically also have some tanks, and given that most armoured forces have more mechanised infantry units than tank units in their organisation, the distinction between mechanised infantry and armour forces has blurred. These have become mostly only ceremonial since the decline of close combat military tactics. Similar hierarchical organizations have been noted in other ancient armies, typically with approximately 10 to 100 to 1,000 ratios (even where base 10 was not common), similar to modern sections (squads), companies, and regiments.. A spear has decent attack abilities with the additional advantage keeping opponents at distance; this advantage can be increased by using longer spears, but this could allow the opponent to side-step the point of the spear and close for hand-to-hand combat where the longer spear is near useless. The organization of military forces into regular military units is first noted in Egyptian records of the Battle of Kadesh (c. 1274 BC).  Infantry can more easily recognise, adapt and respond to local conditions, weather, and changing enemy weapons or tactics. These units may also entice the enemy to engage a located recon unit, thus disclosing their location to be destroyed by more powerful friendly forces. The battalion was previously assigned to the 3rd Brigade Combat Team at Fort Drum, … They may also deploy anti-personnel mines, booby traps, incendiary or explosive devices defensively before combat. These units can quickly disembark and transition to light infantry, without vehicles, to access terrain which armoured vehicles can't effectively access. It is one of the most complicated type of operations an infantry unit will undertake. Infantry definition: Infantry are soldiers who fight on foot rather than in tanks or on horses. The goal of an attack remains the same: to advance into an enemy-held objective, most frequently a hill, river crossing, city or other dominant terrain feature, and dislodge the enemy, thereby establishing control of the objective. In modern times, infantrymen must also often carry protective measures against chemical and biological attack, including military gas masks, counter-agents, and protective suits. The first military forces in history were infantry. Maneouvering consumes much of an infantry unit's time. Empires formed around their military. Beginning with the development the first regular military forces, close-combat regular infantry fought less as unorganised groups of individuals and more in coordinated units, maintaining a defined tactical formation during combat, for increased battlefield effectiveness; such infantry formations and the arms they used developed together, starting with the spear and the shield. The introduction of musketeers using bayonets in the mid 17th century began replacement of the pike with the infantry square replacing the pike square.. 2. This gives the ambushing infantrymen the combat advantage of surprise, concealment and superior firing positions, and causes confusion. More commonly in modern times, infantry with special tactics are named for their roles, such as commandos, rangers, snipers, marines, (who all have additional training) and militia (who have limited training); they are still infantry due to their expectation to fight as infantry when they enter combat. Then one or both would advance and attempt to defeat the enemy force. It was this uncertainty as to its numbers and position that accounted for the man's presence in that lonely spot; he was a young officer of a Federal, Dodik repeated his stance to the EUFOR Commander that 'an initiative to wear the ceremonial uniforms of the RS Army on the Day of the Army of RS, by the Third, support has enabled us to lasting legacy to a unique and British, Lauding the sacrifices rendered by the soldiers of Northern Light, Cohassey, a professional musician and author, traces the experiences of the Michigan 22nd Volunteer, فوج کا وہ دستہ جس کا سپہ سالار کرنل ہوتا ہے. Care must be taken to differentiate innocent civilians who often hide and support the enemy from the non-uniformed armed enemy forces. Some non-weapon equipment are designed for close combat shock effects, to get and psychological edge before melee, such as battle flags, war drums, brilliant uniforms, fierce body paint or tattoos, and even battle cries. In modern infantry, some APCs have evolved to be infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs), which are transport vehicles with more substantial combat abilities, approaching those of light tanks. They can operate in a wide range of terrain inaccessible to military vehicles, and can operate with a lower logistical burden. It is a highly dangerous and demanding combat service; in World War II, military doctors concluded that even physically unwounded soldiers were psychologically worn out after about 200 days of combat. Meaning of Regiment. Modern developments in bullet-proof composite materials like kevlar have started a return to body armour for infantry, though the extra weight is a notable burden. The training of the infantry has differed drastically over time and from place to place. Infantry have employed many different methods of protection from enemy attacks, including various kinds of armour and other gear, and tactical procedures. Their arms were no lighter than line infantry; they were distinguished by their skirmish formation and flexible tactics. The 4th Infantry Regiment was officially first constituted on 11 January 1812 in the Regular Army as the 14th Infantry. The regiment existed as an operational unit during the Cold War era as part of the 51st Infantry Division. Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. , Some infantry units are considered Special Forces. Combat loads of over 36 kg (80 lbs) are standard, and greater loads in excess of 45 kg (100 lbs) are very common. These include, among others, Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) defence and training other airmen in basic ground defense tactics. The word derives from Middle French infanterie, from older Italian (also Spanish) infanteria (foot soldiers too inexperienced for cavalry), from Latin īnfāns (without speech, newborn, foolish), from which English also gets infant. The antiquity saw everything from the well-trained and motivated citizen armies of Greek and Rome, the tribal host assembled from farmers and hunters with only passing acquaintance with warfare and masses of lightly armed and ill-trained militia put up as a last ditch effort. However, the unit must be ready for deployment at any point. All of these protective measures add to the weight an infantryman must carry, and may decrease combat efficiency. The available technology, resources, history, and society can produce quite different weapons for each military and era, but common infantry weapons can be distinguished in a few basic categories. The creation of standing armies—permanently assembled for war or defence—saw increase in training and experience. Modern infantrymen now treat the bayonet as a backup weapon, but may also have handguns or pistols. Traditionally, in an open battle, or meeting engagement, two armies would manoeuvre to contact, at which point they would form up their infantry and other units opposite each other. The 6th Infantry Regiment was formed 11 January 1812. These fulfilled the central battlefield role of earlier heavy infantry, using ranged weapons instead of melee weapons. Attacks are often feared by the infantry conducting them because of the high number of casualties suffered while advancing to close with and destroy the enemy while under enemy fire. Some assignments for infantry units involve deployment behind the front, although patrol and security operations are usually maintained in case of enemy infiltration. soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot; a branch of an army composed of these soldiers; an infantry regiment or division… See the full definition Instead, the Americans … [note 2]. Beyond their main arms and armour, each infantryman's "military kit" includes combat boots, battledress or combat uniform, camping gear, heavy weather gear, survival gear, secondary weapons and ammunition, weapon service and repair kits, health and hygiene items, mess kit, rations, filled water canteen, and all other consumables each infantryman needs for the expected duration of time operating away from their unit's base, plus any special mission-specific equipment. Their headquarters was in Miami. Patrols consist of small groups of infantry moving about in areas of possible enemy activity to locate the enemy and destroy them when found. 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment ⁕A number of battalions e.g. Traditionally, infantry have relied on their own legs for mobility, but mechanised or armoured infantry often uses trucks and armoured vehicles for transport.  These heavy loads, combined with long foot patrols of over 40 km (25 mi) a day, in any climate from 43 to −29 °C (109 to −20 °F) in temperature, require the infantryman to be in good physical and mental condition. Thus most cavalry transitioned to mounted infantry. ‘The six Scottish infantry regiments currently have a complement of 2,874 soldiers, which is 386 under strength.’ ‘Without delay he joined a Bavarian infantry regiment and served at the front as a message runner.’ ‘Steele also hopes to persuade young Scots now living in London to think of joining a Scottish regiment.’ In medieval times the foot soldiers varied from peasant levies to semi-permanent companies of mercenaries, foremost among them the Swiss, English, Aragonese and German, to men-at-arms who went into battle as well-armoured as knights, the latter of which at times also fought on foot. Modern classifications of infantry have expanded to reflect modern equipment and tactics, such as motorised infantry, mechanised or armoured infantry, mountain infantry, marine infantry, and airborne infantry. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Modern infantry can have GPS, encrypted individual communications equipment, surveillance and night vision equipment, advanced intelligence and other high-tech mission-unique aids. This is usually the best time for infantry units to integrate replacements into units and to maintain equipment. Civilian and military casualties both are usually very high. Also known as foot soldiers or infantrymen, infantry traditionally relies on moving by foot between combats as well, but may also use mounts, military vehicles, or other transport. Learn more. How to use regiment in a sentence. This can be avoided by having shield-armed soldiers stand close together, side-by-side, each protecting both themselves and their immediate comrades, presenting a solid shield wall to the enemy. organisering, disciplinering, [hård] kontroll, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, US Army Iron Rangers Conduct Spur Ride in Bulgaria, Dodik receives EUFOR Commander in BiH, Major General Dorfer, COAS Bajwa lauds Frontier Force's contributions, sacrifices, Maj Gen Salahuddin new BEPZA executive chairman, The 22nd Michigan Infantry and the Road to Chickamauga, US returns looted Balangiga church bells to Philippines after 117 years, Infantry Manportable Anti-armor Weapon System, Infantry Manportable Assault Weapon System, Infantry Small Arms Weapon Effects Simulator. Heavy infantry, such as Greek hoplites, Macedonian phalangites, and Roman legionaries, specialised in dense, solid formations driving into the main enemy lines, using weight of numbers to achieve a decisive victory, and were usually equipped with heavier weapons and armour to fit their role. Mechanised infantry go beyond motorised, having transport vehicles with combat abilities, armoured personnel carriers (APCs), providing at least some options for combat without leaving their vehicles. This includes shields, helmets and many types of armour – padded linen, leather, lamellar, mail, plate, and kevlar. The most basic is personal armour. Additionally, soldiers can be rested and general readiness should improve. The ambushed unit does not know what it is up against, or where they are attacking from. Kushite king Taharqa enjoyed military success in the Near East as a result of his efforts to strengthen the army through daily training in long distance running.. But this changed sometime before recorded history; the first ancient empires (2500–1500 BC) are shown to have some soldiers with standardised military equipment, and the training and discipline required for battlefield formations and manoeuvres: regular infantry. to organize or control (people) very strictly.  Such heavy infantry burdens have changed little over centuries of warfare; in the late Roman Republic, legionaries were nicknamed Marius' mules as their main activity seemed to be carrying the weight of their legion around on their backs. Poor climate conditions adds misery to this already demanding existence. Combat support units (a majority of the military) are not as well armed or trained as infantry units and have a different mission. Some modern mechanised infantry units are termed cavalry or armoured cavalry, even though they never had horses, to emphasise their combat mobility. The 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment is a light infantry battalion assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division, garrisoned at Fort Drum, New York. Regiment definition, a unit of ground forces, consisting of two or more battalions or battle groups, a headquarters unit, and certain supporting units. To also increase their staying power, multiple rows of heavy infantrymen were added. Define Infantry Regiment. Infantrymen live, fight and die outdoors in all types of brutal climates, often with no physical shelter. Light infantry, such as Greek peltasts, Balearic slingers, and Roman velites, using open formations and greater manoeuvrability, took on most other combat roles: scouting, screening the army on the march, skirmishing to delay, disrupt, or weaken the enemy to prepare for the main forces' battlefield attack, protecting them from flanking manoeuvers, and then afterwards either pursuing the fleeing enemy or covering their army's retreat. 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